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Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of its arguments, evaluating text and FALSE as 0, and TRUE as 1

by Charley Kyd, MBA
Microsoft Excel MVP, 2005-2014
The Father of Spreadsheet Dashboard Reports



  • number1  Required. The first numeric argument or reference that you want to average.
  • number2, ... Optional. 1 to 255 numeric arguments or references that you want to average.

Applies To

Excel 2003 and above


  • The arguments should be values, range names, arrays, or references.
  • All text, including numbers represented as text, are evaluated as zero.
  • TRUE is evaluated as 1
  • FALSE is evaluated as 0
  • Empty cells are ignored, but cells with null strings—those that contain the single-quote character—are evaluated as zero.


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